Water Research 102 (2016) 561–571
The aim of this study was to propose kinetic models suitable for reproducing and predicting mancozeb (Mz) conversion to by-products as a function of the operational conditions. The main factors (pH, temperature and light) potentially affecting the mancozeb degradation in aqueous models were studied by a multifactorial screening design. In addition, the response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to evaluate the interactive effects of these factors on ethylenethiourea (ETU) formation. The response surface revealed that the best degradation conditions to minimize mancozeb conversion to ETU were low pH (2), low temperature (25 °C) and darkness. Under these conditions, the percentage of mancozeb remained in the solution at 72 h was approximately 10% of the initial concentration and the percentage of ETU conversion was 5.4%. However, according to the model, in surface waters under typical environmental conditions (pH 8, 25 °C and light) the percentage of mancozeb conversion to ETU would be about 17.5%. The proposed model provides a satisfactory interpretation of the experimental data obtained during the hydrolysis of mancozeb.