Food Chem. 373, Part B, 131577, 2022
The impact of chiral tebuconazole on the flavor and appearance of Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon wines were systematically studied. Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry and headspace-solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography mass spectrometry qualitatively and quantitatively identified the flavor components, and a photographic colorimeter was used for color attribute analysis. Tebuconazole enantiomers had different effects on the flavor and appearance of young wines, especially R-tebuconazole. The flavor differences were mainly manifested in fruity and floral characteristics of the wine due to changes in the concentrations of acids, alcohols, and esters; R-tebuconazole alters the concentrations of key flavor compounds to the greatest extent. Tebuconazole treatment changes the color of young wines, with the final red shade of wine being control group > rac-tebuconazole ≥ S-tebuconazole > R-tebuconazole. Since chiral tebuconazole negatively alters wine, grapes treated with chiral pesticides should be subject to stricter quality control during processing.