Wednesday, 22 July 2015

Cr(VI) sorption/desorption on pine sawdust and oak wood ash

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph120808849

The objective of this work was to study Cr(VI) sorption/desorption on two by-products from the wood industry: pine sawdust and oak wood ash. The retention/release experiments were carried out using standard batch-type trials. In the sorption-phase experiments, pine sawdust showed 23% sorption when a concentration of 100 mg Cr(VI)·L-1 was added, whereas sorption on oak wood ash was 17%. In the desorption-phase, chromium release was clearly higher from pine sawdust than from oak wood ash (98% and 66%, respectively). Sorption curves were well fitted to the Freundlich and Lineal models. In view of the results, both materials can be considered of very limited value to remove Cr from polluted soil and water, which can be of relevance regarding its appropriate use as biosorbents and recycled by-products.

Monday, 20 July 2015

Metalaxyl mobility in acid soils: Evaluation using different methods

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 
DOI: 10.1007/s13762-014-0612-1

In the present work, different methods were tested to evaluate the adsorption and desorption of metalaxyl in two acid soils with different organic carbon and clay contents. The three methods (batch, stirred flow chamber and column) that were examined produced similar findings when the two soils were compared: (a) the metalaxyl adsorption capacity was higher in the soil with higher organic matter and clay content, and (b) the soil with the lower organic matter and clay contents provided higher adsorption rate constants. In the two soils tested, the metalaxyl adsorbed in the soil was highly reversible. When only one soil was considered, the different methods yielded different results. The metalaxyl adsorption and its rate were higher with the stirred flow chamber than in the column experiments, and in the column experiments, the total metalaxyl adsorption and the rate of adsorption were higher than in the batch experiments. The percentages of metalaxyl desorbed from the soil were similar in the stirred flow chamber and column experiments, but in the batch experiments, the percentages were significantly lower. In the stirred flow chamber experiments, the desorption processes were faster than the adsorption processes, while in the column experiments, the adsorption and desorption processes exhibited similar rates.

Thursday, 16 July 2015

Time evolution of the general characteristics and Cu retention capacity in an acid soil amended with a bentonite winery waste

Journal of Environmental Management
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.024

The effect of bentonite waste added to a "poor" soil on its general characteristic and copper adsorption capacity was assessed. The soil was amended with different bentonite waste concentrations (0, 10, 20, 40 and 80Mgha-1) in laboratory pots, and different times of incubation of samples were tested (one day and one, four and eight months). The addition of bentonite waste increased the pH, organic matter content and phosphorus and potassium concentrations in the soil, being stable for P and K, whereas the organic matter decreased with time. Additionally, the copper sorption capacity of the soil and the energy of the Cu bonds increased with bentonite waste additions. However, the use of this type of waste in soil presented important drawbacks for waste dosages higher than 20Mgha-1, such as an excessive increase of the soil pH and an increase of copper in the soil solution.

Wednesday, 15 July 2015

Heavy metals in pastureland soils situated in A Pastoriza (NW Spain) treated with cattle slurry and NPK fertilizers

Spanish Journal of Soil Science, 5, 154-164 (2015)
DOI: 10.3232/SJSS.2015.V5.N2.05

In Galicia (NW Spain), pasturelands cover a broad extension and are mainly used to feed cattle. Farms are managed in an intensive manner, using cattle slurry and inorganic fertilizers to increase pasture production, but also increasing risks of heavy metal pollution. In this work we studied the influence of fertilization practices on total concentrations and in-depth distribution of heavy metals and related elements (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in two forest soils (SN1, SN2) and five pastureland soils (P1-P5) fertilized with cattle slurry and NPK, in a broadly exploded farmland area (A Pastoriza, Lugo). Soils SN2 and P4 were developed over slate, whereas soils SN1, P1, P2, P3 and P5 evolved on Candana quartzite. Forest soils presented acid pH (4.58-4.68), high Al saturation (75-90%), and low available P concentration (4.78-11.96 mg kg-1), whereas those parameters exhibited better scores in the pastureland soils, due to previous amendment and fertilization practices, thus giving pH 5.17-7.02, Al saturation 0.58-59.24%, and available P 5.24-42.07 mg kg-1. Regarding heavy metals, soil depth did not affect significantly to total concentrations, contrary to that happening with parent material, with higher As, Cu, Fe, and Ni concentrations found in soils over slate (possibly due to the presence of pyritic materials). In most cases, heavy metal total concentrations were lower than that considered as reference background levels for soils developed over each of the parent materials, and were always lower than that considered phyto-toxic. In this study, natural soils usually presented heavy metal total contents similar or even higher than that of the fertilized soils (unless Zn in the P4 pastureland), thus indicating that the spread doses of fertilizers did not influence significantly their concentration levels.

Tuesday, 14 July 2015

Profiling, distribution and levels of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in traditional smoked plant and animal foods

Food Control, 59 (2016) 581–590

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH8 plus fluoranthene and pyrene) in “Pan de Cea” bread, “Pimentón de La Vera” paprika, “San Simón da Costa”, “Idiazábal” and “Humus” cheeses, and “Chorizo” garlic pork sausage. Results obtained showed that harmless low molecular weight compounds (Fluoranthene and Pyrene) represented the major contribution to the total PAHs. The most important PAHs according to the levels found were those in the 4 PAHs group (the rest of PAHs to add a total of 8 were contributing at very low levels). PAH4 and PAH8 levels showed percentages ranging from 6.0 to 7.0 % in bread, 16–17 % in paprika, 23–28 % in cheese and 20–24 % in meat sausages, respectively. B(a)P did not exceed the imposed limits in the EU. Bread showed the lower PAH concentration (3.4 μg/kg) followed by cheese (88 μg/kg), smoked sausage (1779 μg/kg) and paprika (9937 μg/kg). “Pimentón de la Vera” paprika is a condiment consumed in small quantities. The PAH profile had in common the decrease in PAH content as their molecular weight increased. These results showed that the contamination detected in “Pan de Cea” bread samples was very low, so that the consumption of this product does not pose a health risk. In cheese samples, the PAH contamination was detected meanly in rind, that accounted around the 100% of the total contamination. In meat sausages samples, the 90% of the total PAHs determined were accumulated in the casing. Considering the edible part, the PAH4 and B(a)P mean contents were below the limit established. Although, the highest PAH levels were detected in “Pimentón de la Vera” paprika, it should be pointed out that this product is a condiment consumed in small quantities and not in an everyday basis, it does not represent a risk for consumers. In cheese and meat sausage, according our estimates, the removal of the external part can be considered a good consumer practices to reduce the ingestion of PAHs.
1-3-Dichloropropene 2030 Agenda priorities Abribone Particles Accumulation Acid Soils Acidification Activated Carbon Active ingredients Acuicultura Adsorption Adulteration Aeration Aerobiology Aggregation Agricultural Residue Agro-industrial waste Agronomic performance Agrostis capillaris Air temperature Airborne Alcohols Aldehyde Algae Alkaline Hydrolysis Alkylamines Allelochemical stress Allergy Aluminium Alzheimer's Disease Amendment Amino acid and purine biosynthesis Amphibolite Amylases Analysis Anionic Amphiphiles AnionsMetals ANN Anoma Anthocyanins Anti-aging Anti-cancer activity Antidepressant Antimicrobial Antimicrobial applications Antimicrobial compounds Antioxidants Antioxidants Activity Antiradical Activity Antitumorigenic activity Antiviral Apples Applications AQUA-CIBUS Aqueous solution Arabidopsis thaliana Arbequina ARIMA Aroma Aromatic compounds Aromatic plants Arsenic Artificial Neural Networks Ascorbic acid Ashes Atmospheric Pollution Authentication Autohydrolysis Auxins Availability Axisymetric Models Bacillus subtilis Bacterial growth Bacteriocin Bare fallow soils Barley straw Barrels Batch Beer Bentonite Berry Bilinear matrix Bioactive compounds Bioactive Food Components Bioactive substances Bioactivities Bioavailability Biochar Bioethanol Biofilm Biological indicator Biomarkers Biomonitoring Biorefinery Biosorbent Biotransformation Black Pepper Blockchain Technology Blueberry Body weight Boscalid Botrycides Botrytis cinerea Brassica juncea Brewery wastes Brown macroalgae BTEX Bullet corrosion Butter fat By-products Cadmium Caffeic Acid Calcium Candelilla Candidate gene Carbon isotope discrimination Carburan Catechin-rich extract Cattle Slurry Cell cycle Celta pig breed Characterization Cheese whey Chemical composition Chemical equilibrium Chemometrics Chemoresistance Chestnuts Chloropicrin Chlorteracycline Cholinesterases Chorizo Chromatography Chromium Circular economy Clasification Climate change Climate impact CMC Cobalt Colloids Color Column experiments Competitive sorption Compost Compounds Conformational changes Conjoint analysis Continuous fermentation Control Controlled deficit irrigation Cooking methods Copper Corn breeding Corn cob Corn stover Cornicabra Cortical Neurons Corticosteroids Corticosterone Cortisol Cosmetics Cow Milk Crop Protection Crushed Mussel Shell cucurbit[7]uril cucurbituril Curing Cycas pectinata Cyclic voltammetry Cyclodextrins Cyclopentadecanone Cytotoxicity Dactylis glomerata Data Acquisition and Management Data analysis Decomposition Decontamination Degradation Dehydrogenase activity Denitrosation Density Desorption DFT calculations Diabetes mellitus Dietary polyphenols Dinamic Surface Tension Discharge prediction Disease prevention Dissipation Dithiocarbamates Doxycycline Dry fruit Dry-cured Drying DTCs Edible films Edible flowers Ehrlich pathway Encapsulation Enrichment factors Enterococcus faecium Enzymatic hydrolysis Enzymatic saccharification ErbB2 Ergosterol biosynthesis Esencial Oil Essential oils Ethanol Ethnobotanic Ethylene Ethylenethiourea Eucalyptus camaldulensis EVOO EVOO applications EVOO quality EVOOs Extra Virgin Olive Oil Extraction Extraction Optimization Extraction techniques Fast growing biomass Fat healthiness Fat oxidation Fatty Acids Faults FE-SEM/EDS Feathers Fed-batch fermentation Fed-batch SSF Fed-batch system Feed intake Feluric Acid Feluroyl esterase Fenhexamid Ferhexamid Fermentation Ferulic acid Feruloyl Feruloyl esterase Fingerprint Firing range soils Fish oil Flavanols Flavor Flowering delay Fluorescence Fluoride Fluorine Focus group Folin-Ciocalteuassay Food additives Food analysis Food authentication Food Authenticity Food by-products Food composition Food fingerprinting Food intake-related public risks Food Quality Food Supply Chain Food sustainability Food systems Food Traceability Foods Forest Forest Soils Formación Fortification Fortified Wines Fourier transform infrared Fractionation Fraxinus Frog Frozen storage Frugal-innovation Fucoxanthin Fuidized bed reactor Fullerene Functional Enzymes Functional Food Fungal Spores Fungicide Fungicides Furfural Galicia Galician virgin olive oils Garlic Garnacha Tintorera Gastrointestinal tract GC GC/MS Gelation Generic diversity Genetic variation Geothermal systems Germination Germplasm charaterization Glassy network Glucomannan Gold nanoparticles Gourmet Graciano Granite Granite powder Granitic Material Grape juice Grapes Grasshopper Effect Gravitropism Green synthesis Growth Guava HAE Hair Health benefits Heat-Assited Extraction Heavy Metals Helath claim Hemicelluloses Hemp waste Heterocyclic aromatic amines High hydrostatic pressure High pressure High solids loading Histeresys index Histolocalization Hordeum vulgar HPLC HPLC-DAD HPLC-FLD HPLC-MS/MS HPLC/MS HR-TEM/EDS Humid acid Hyaluronic acid Hydrogeology Hydrolysis Hydroxycinnamic acid Hydroxylpropyl-beta-cyclodextrins Hyperspectral imaging immobilization In vitro Industrial applications Industrial level Innovative functional foods Instrumental analysis Ionic Liquids Iron Job Opportunities Jornadas Kale Keroxim Kinematic viscosity Kinetics Konjac glucomannan Laboratory column Lactic acid Lactic acid bacteria Land use LDT Lead Leaf water relations Lenga temperate forests Liberation Lignin Ligustrum Lime pretreatment Linear Discriminant Analysis Lipid oxidation Lipolysis Lipoxygenase Liqueurs Long-term fertilization Lotka-Volterra Low toxicity Maceration Machine learning Macroalgae Macroalgae applications Magnesium Maize populations Major Depressive Disorder MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS Mancozeb MAO Marcozeb Marinades Measures and indicators Meat Meat Quality Medicinal plant Mediterranean diet Membrane filtration Mepanipyrim Mercury Metabolism Metabolite Metabolites Metabolomics Metal Metal availability Metal fractionation Metalaxyl Meteorology Methyl isothiocyanate Metrafenone Micelles Microalgae Microbiota Microemulsions Microscopy Microtubules Mine Mine soil Mine tailing Mode of Action Modelisation Molecular docking Monoamine Oxidase MS MS/MS Multidrug resistance Multiple chemicals Multiproduct biorefinery Multivariate analysis Muscle foods Mussel Mussel shell Mustard plants Nanocoating Nanoparticle Nanowhisker NAO index Natural Colorants Natural sources Neonates Neonicitinoids Neurodegenerative Disorders Neuroprotection Neurotoxins Nickel NIR Nisin Nitric Oxide Nitrosomercaptopyridine NO Non-linear processes Noticias Novel technologies NPK Fertilizers Nutraceulticals Nutrients Oak ash Oak species Oat straw OAV Ocimum basilicum var. purpurascens leaves OCPs Odorants Odour Activity Value Ole e 1 Olea Oleaceae Olive Co-crushing Olive Oil Olive oil by-products OncomiR OPEs OPPs OPs Optimization Organic amendment Organic carbon Organic matter Organic pollutants Ourense Oxidation Oxidative damage Oxidative phase Oximes Oxytetracycline Ozone p-hydroxybenzoic acid PAHs Paper Industry Parkinson's Disease Pastureland Soils Pathogenic bacteria PBDEs PBDs PCBs PCDDs PCDFs PDO Pellets Percolation Perlite waste addition Pest Management Protocols Pesticide Pets pH pH-spectra Phenolic and aromatic compounds Phenolic Compounds Phenolics Phenology Phenotyping Phosphate Phosphorus Phosphorus adsorption Phosphorus desorption Physical protection Physiological responses Phytochemicals Phytopigments Phytostabilization Phytotoxic effects Phytotoxicity Picual Pig Pig genotypes Pig Stress Pigeon Piglets Pine bark Pine Sawdust Pinus sylvestris Pistachia vera Placenta Plant cell walls Plant production Plantago Plasma Pollen Polluted Soils Polluted Water Pollution Polymer Polyphenols Post-harvest drying Potato Prairie Prebiotic activity Precipitation Prediction Prenatal Preservation Prevention Probiotics Process optimization Production Profiling Properties Proteases protected denomination of origin Proteome profile Proteomics Public health Purification Putative transcription factors Pyritic material PYRs Quality-related Indices Quantification Racked bed reactor Rain Rainfastness Raman Random forest Rank annihilation factor analysis Raw Fish Oil Reaction kinetics modelling Reactor Realkalization Red Rubin Basil Red Wines Redes de Investigación Reinforced Wines Remediation Residues Resistance Response surface methodology Retaining capacity Retention Reuse Rheological properties Ripening temperature RISEGAL Risk assessment Risk Periodos River River bed sediments RMN Root growth Roots Rosaceae family RSM S-nitrosothiol Salting intensity Saponification Screening methods SDS SDS-PAGE Secondary Metabolites Seedling Seminarios Sensory analysis Sensory attributes Sepia Ink Sequential extraction Serotonin Sesamia nonagrioides Settling pond Shelf-life Shelterwood-cut silvicultural system Shooting range Short chain fatty acids Signalling pathways Silage Single extraction Slaughterhouse Large Time Soil Soil aggregates Soil Amendment Soil impact Soil pollution Soil remediation Soil residues Soil structure Soils Solanum tuberosum Solid-state fermentation Solvent Extraction Sorption Soybean oil Spectrometry Spectroscopy Speed of Sound Spirits SSR markers Stability Stress response Styrene Subcutaneous ham fat Subcutaneous pig back-fat Sulfamethoxazole Sulfur-containing compounds Support vector machine Surface Surface Tension Surfactants Sustainability Sustainable Adsorbents Sustainable Development Sustainable use of natural resources SWAdSV Sweet Wines Swertia chirata Taladros Tarbush Taste Technosol Tempranillo Tenacity Terra preta do índio Tetraciclyne Thermal gelation profiles Thermal springs Throughfall Tiamulin TOF-SIMS Toro Appellation of Origin Total aliphatic hydrocarbons Toxic cocktail effects Toxicity Traditional Smoked Foods Traditionally used plants trans-Caryophyllene Transcriptomics Transport Transport experiment Tree vegetation Trimethoprim Tropical soils Tumor suppressor miR Underground waters University of Vigo Urine UV-Vis spectroscopy Vaccinium corymbosum Vacuum packaging Valorization Vanadium Variedades tolerantes Vinclozolin Vine trimming shoot Vineyard Virgin Olive Oils Virus Viscosity Vitamin Volatile Volatile Compounds Voltímetro Wash-off Waste reduction Wastes Wastewater Water deficit Water efficiency Water pollution Water quality Water temperature Weakly deacetylation Weather Webinar Wells Wheat straw Whey Wine Wine aging Wine Quality Wine-making Practices Winemaking Process Withered inflorescences Wood Wood Ash Xylitol Xylooligosaccharides Xylose Zea mays Zinc β-Lactoglobulin